A chalazion is caused by inflammation in one of the many oil-producing glands in the eyelids. Though it is not caused by bacteria, it is possible for the area to become infected. Chalazia can be confused with styes which are sore, red bumps caused by an infection of the lash follicle. Chalazia usually appear farther from the edge of the eyelid than styes which form near the edge of the eyelid.
A chalazion may be treated with any of the following methods:
- Warm compresses
Soak a clean washcloth in hot water and hold it on the closed eyelid. Optimally, this should be done three to four times each day for ten minutes each time. Re-soak the washcloth in hot water whenever it cools off. Most chalazia will go away within a few weeks.
- Steroid injections
This can be done if a small bump remains after trying warm compresses.
- Surgical incision and drainage
A chalazion that has been present for a long time or do not respond to treatment can be surgically opened and drained. Many times this treatment works well, but, there is a small chance of recurrence in the same place.